Call for applications for the GradAB-doctoral programme is closing very soon
21 March 2017
The current call for applications for the GradAB-doctoral programme in labour market research is closing very soon (31st March 2017).
The Graduate Center GradAB at IAB offers a three-year programme of high-level training in labour market research, which can be extended for another year under certain conditions. The course programme provides training on labour market research, methods, and data at an advanced level and is held in English. Additionally, applicants are granted access to the excellent data of the IAB on employment and social security.
The scholarship offers financial support of 1,350 € / month.
All necessary information is to be found here.
Call for Applications
Child care reforms and labor participation of migrant and native mothers
20 March 2017
As in other countries, also in Germany there has been large political effort to increase mothers’ labor participation through child care provisions. However, it is an open question whether the latest child care reforms of 2013 are successful in this sense. While the introduction of a home care allowance, the so called ‘Betreuungsgeld’, for families not using public child care for their children aged one and two years was expected to have negative effects, the introduced legal claim for public child care for children of the same age group should increase the use of public child care and therefore speed up the mothers’ return to work after child birth.
IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2017
Apprentice Poaching in Regional Labor Markets
08 March 2017
A number of studies have found that firms provide less training if they are located in regions with strong labor market competition. This finding is usually interpreted as evidence of a higher risk of poaching in these regions. Yet, there is no direct evidence that regional competition is positively correlated with poaching. Building on a recently established approach to expost identify poaching of apprenticeship completers, our paper is the first to directly investigate the correlation between regional labor market competition and poaching.
IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2017
Regional discontinuities and the effectiveness of further training subsidies for low-skilled employees
02 March 2017
The author analyze the effects of further training subsidies for low-skilled employees on individual labor market outcomes in Germany for the period from 2007 to 2012. Using detailed administrative data, they exploit cross-regional variation in the conditional policy styles of local employment agencies and use this fuzzy discontinuity as an instrument for program participation. They find that subsidies significantly increase cumulative employment duration and earnings for the subgroup of compliers. These gains are particularly pronounced for workers who are women, younger than 35 years old, non-German citizens and participated before the economic crisis of 2009.
IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2017
Offshoring and Firm Overlap
22 February 2017
The authors set up a model of offshoring with heterogeneous producers that captures two empirical
regularities of German offshoring firms. There is selection of larger, more productive firms
into offshoring. However, the selection is not sharp, and offshoring and non-offshoring firms
coexist over a wide range of the revenue distribution.
IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2017
Labour Market Effects of Wage Inequality and Skill Biased Technical Change in Germany
14 February 2017
This paper analyses the relationship between wage inequality and labour market development. Relevant economic theories are ambiguous, just as public debates. We measure the effects of wage inequality, skill-biased and skill-neutral technology on hours worked, productivity and wages in a novel structural vector error correction framework identified by non-recursive long-run restrictions.
IAB-Discussion Paper 5/2017
The role of employer, job and employee characteristics for flexible working time
07 February 2017
Modern working societies face the challenge to combine the establishments’ with the employees’ needs for working-time flexibility. The authors investigate the determinants of overtime and different working hours’ arrangements using the German Linked Employer-Employee Study of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP-LEE) and logistic regression models. The results show that employer and job characteristics are most important for determining overtime and the different working hours’ arrangements, underlining the power of employers with regard to working-time flexibility.
IAB-Discussion Paper 4/2017
Early termination of vocational training: dropout or stopout?
30 January 2017
This paper studies the factors that influence the beginning of either a new vocational training in another occupation (stopout) or the stop of vocational training altogether after an early termination (dropout of the vocational system). One influencing factor is the amount of the human capital acquired which is determined by the duration of (early terminated) vocational training.
IAB-Discussion Paper 3/2017