Should the unemployed care for the elderly?
19 April 2017
Demographic change implies an increasing demand for elderly care and a lower Labor force potential at the same time. Training unemployed workers in care occupations might mitigate this problem. This study analyzes the effectiveness of subsidized Training in elderly care professions for the unemployed in Germany over 12 years.
IAB-Discussion Paper 13/2017
Resilience among vulnerable households in Europe - Questions, concept, findings and implications
13 April 2017
The paper shows the results of the RESCuE project, an in-depth qualitative Investigation of 250 vulnerable households, their living conditions and socioeconomic practices across nine European countries on the background of the European crisis since 2008.
IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2017
The relevance of personal characteristics and gender diversity for (eco) - innovation activities at the firm-level
10 April 2017
Up to now, the growing literature on the determinants of eco-innovation has not considered the influence of personal characteristics of the employees of a firm. The existing econometric analyses show much "noise" explaining the driving forces of eco-innovation. The paper tries to open the "black box" of unexplained heterogeneity. In fact, latent variables such as the greenness of a firm may be explained by the per-sonal characteristics (gender, family status, geographical origin, education etc.) of the staff and the decision makers in a firm.
IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2017
Wage losses due to overqualification: The role of formal degrees and occupational skills
06 April 2017
Wage penalties in overqualified employment are well documented, but little is known regarding the underlying mechanisms. We test two explanations, namely, formal overqualification and a mismatch of occupational skills. By using the National Educational Panel Study (NEPS) survey that is linked to German administrative data, we can objectively measure both types of mismatches.
IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2017
Child care reforms and labor participation of migrant and native mothers
20 March 2017
As in other countries, also in Germany there has been large political effort to increase mothers’ labor participation through child care provisions. However, it is an open question whether the latest child care reforms of 2013 are successful in this sense. While the introduction of a home care allowance, the so called ‘Betreuungsgeld’, for families not using public child care for their children aged one and two years was expected to have negative effects, the introduced legal claim for public child care for children of the same age group should increase the use of public child care and therefore speed up the mothers’ return to work after child birth.
IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2017
Apprentice Poaching in Regional Labor Markets
08 March 2017
A number of studies have found that firms provide less training if they are located in regions with strong labor market competition. This finding is usually interpreted as evidence of a higher risk of poaching in these regions. Yet, there is no direct evidence that regional competition is positively correlated with poaching. Building on a recently established approach to expost identify poaching of apprenticeship completers, our paper is the first to directly investigate the correlation between regional labor market competition and poaching.
IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2017
Regional discontinuities and the effectiveness of further training subsidies for low-skilled employees
02 March 2017
The author analyze the effects of further training subsidies for low-skilled employees on individual labor market outcomes in Germany for the period from 2007 to 2012. Using detailed administrative data, they exploit cross-regional variation in the conditional policy styles of local employment agencies and use this fuzzy discontinuity as an instrument for program participation. They find that subsidies significantly increase cumulative employment duration and earnings for the subgroup of compliers. These gains are particularly pronounced for workers who are women, younger than 35 years old, non-German citizens and participated before the economic crisis of 2009.
IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2017