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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

    Sequential versus Non-Sequential Search among German Employers – Evidence from a Job Vacancy Survey

    19 August 2019

    In this note, we provide evidence on the extent and determinants of sequential versus non-sequential search among German employers. Using unique representative data on employers’ recruitment behavior, we exploit direct information on whether employers first formed a pool of applicants from which they chose the most suitable candidate (Non- Sequential Search), or whether they hired the first suitable applicant (Sequential Search). We show that non-sequential search is the predominant search strategy, accounting for about 75 per cent of all successful hirings.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 18/2019


    Marginal part-time employment in Germany: Live or let die?

    08 August 2019

    Miniatur-Menschen auf Bausteinen mit Schriftszug "Minijob"Marginal employment, known as mini-job, is a two-edged sword. For many mini-jobber it has not been worthwhile to work longer hours up to now. This is an avoidable obstacle for securing a sustainable supply of skilled workers. At the same time, neither a continuation of the status quo nor a complete abolition of marginal employment is a proper solution. A well-thought-out reform completed in reasonable steps aiming at the improvement of the overall situation of employees, enterprises and the state budget is feasible.

    The article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Do Minimum Wages Improve Self-Rated Health? Evidence from a Natural Experiment

    07 August 2019

    In this paper, we analyze whether the introduction of the general minimum wage in Germany in 2015 had an effect on workers’ self-rated health. To study this question, we use survey-data linked to administrative employment records and apply difference-in-difference regressions combined with propensity score matching. This approach enables us to control for a vast set of possibly confounding variables. We find on average significant improvements of self-rated health for individuals who are affected by the reform. Our results indicate, that a significant reduction of weekly working hours potentially drives this result.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 17/2019


    Do social networks mitigate stigma effects from long-term unemployment?

    06 August 2019

    Using data from the German Job Vacancy Survey from 2016 and 2018, which is a representative paper and pencil survey on establishments in Germany, I investigate how employers judge the work related skills of long-term unemployed and whether this group has higher chances of being hired when an employer uses his or her social contacts to find candidates. Apart from a large number of establishment-specific characteristics, the survey contains information on the recruiting process with regard to long-term unemployed. Establishments are asked whether they had applications from these persons, whether they invited them for an interview and whether they finally employed long-term unemployed individuals. For all three steps of the recruitment process, it is possible to identify employers that recruited long-term unemployed with or without recommendations.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 16/2019


    Heterogeneous displacement effects of migrant labor supply - quasi-experimental evidence from Germany

    05 August 2019

    In this paper the authors investigate the displacement effects on previous residents utilizing a quasi-experiment by a policy change that facilitated labor market access of asylum seekers.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 15/2019


    The gender wage gap in Europe: What can we learn from linked employer-employee data? A workshop report

    12 July 2019

    Frauen und Männer im Büro vor BildschirmenA recent IAB workshop on the gender wage gap in Europe stressed the importance of the workplace and the firm in explaining gender inequalities. The workshop presentations showed that linked employer-employee data of all types can help analysts and policy makers understand the mechanisms which lie behind these inequalities, giving insights that cannot be obtained from traditional surveys of individuals and households.

    The article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Say it like Goethe: Language learning facilities abroad and the self-selection of immigrants

    08 July 2019

    Immigration policy in most high-income countries is designed to promote qualified migration while maintaining high requirements on characteristics such as education and language skills. We rely on a standard self-selection model with heterogeneous migration costs to discuss the effect of access to language learning services in the country of origin on the skill composition of immigrants in Germany. Using individual-level survey data on immigrants from different cohorts over the period 2000–2014, combined with unique data on the presence of Goethe Institutes – a German association promoting German language and culture worldwide – in origin countries, the results of our empirical analysis show that the acquisition of the German language is fostered by the availability of language courses abroad.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 14/2019



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