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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

 

    Labour Market Effects of Wage Inequality and Skill Biased Technical Change in Germany

    14 February 2017

    This paper analyses the relationship between wage inequality and labour market development. Relevant economic theories are ambiguous, just as public debates. We measure the effects of wage inequality, skill-biased and skill-neutral technology on hours worked, productivity and wages in a novel structural vector error correction framework identified by non-recursive long-run restrictions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 5/2017


    The role of employer, job and employee characteristics for flexible working time

    07 February 2017

    Modern working societies face the challenge to combine the establishments’ with the employees’ needs for working-time flexibility. The authors investigate the determinants of overtime and different working hours’ arrangements using the German Linked Employer-Employee Study of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP-LEE) and logistic regression models. The results show that employer and job characteristics are most important for determining overtime and the different working hours’ arrangements, underlining the power of employers with regard to working-time flexibility.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 4/2017


    Early termination of vocational training: dropout or stopout?

    30 January 2017

    This paper studies the factors that influence the beginning of either a new vocational training in another occupation (stopout) or the stop of vocational training altogether after an early termination (dropout of the vocational system). One influencing factor is the amount of the human capital acquired which is determined by the duration of (early terminated) vocational training.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 3/2017


    Cohort size and transitions into the labour market

    23 January 2017

    This paper estimates the effect that the size of an individual’s labour-market entry cohort has on the subsequent duration of search for employment. Survival-analysis methods are applied to empirically assess this relationship using a sample of appren-ticeship graduates who entered the German labour market between 1999 and 2012.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 2/2017


    EU 4.0 – The Debate on Digitalisation and the Labour Market in Europe

    16 January 2017

    In the recent years an intensive discussion in politics, research, business and socie-tyon the influence of digitalisation on the working world has evolved. This developmentis expected to exert profound effects on the use of human labour. However, judgements widely diverge. The comprehensive debates on “industry 4.0” and “labour 4.0” in Germany are concerned with influences of digitalisation on the economy and the labour market, substitutability of jobs as well as conditions, qualificationsand regulations for a new world of employment. The underlying report gives an overview for several European countries and for the level of the European Union.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 39/2016


    Forecasting Labour Supply and Population: An Integrated Stochastic Model

    09 January 2017

    This paper presents a stochastic integrated model to forecast the German Population and labour supply until 2060. Within a cohort-component approach, the Population forecast applies principal components to birth, mortality, emigration and Immigration rates.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 1/2017


    Economy 4.0 and its labour market and economic impacts

    27 December 2016

    This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of "Economy 4.0", the digitalisation of the economy as a whole and not only in industrial production processes. These developments involve considerable challenges at enterprise and political level.

    IAB-Forschungsbericht 13/2016


    The valuation of changes in commuting distances: An analysis using georeferenced data

    22 December 2016

    We analyze the causal effect of commuting on wages, using a large sample of German Job changers. Information on their home and workplace addresses in combination with road navigation software allows us to calculate exact door-to-door commuting distances with an unprecedented degree of precision. We use a theoretical model on spatial job search to motivate our empirical strategy. By focusing on job moves, we can use panel data techniques and control for unobserved individual heterogeneity.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 43/2016


    The Growth and Human Capital Structure of New Firms over the Business Cycle

    21 December 2016

    Recent research suggests that employment in young firms is more negatively impacted during economic downturns than employment in incumbent firms. This questions the effectiveness of policies that promote entrepreneurship to fight crises. We complement Prior research that is mostly based on aggregate data by analyzing cyclical effects at the firm level.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 42/2016



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