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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Geflüchtete Menschen in Deutschland - eine qualitative Befragung



"Why have refugees left their home countries, what experiences have they made when fleeing to other countries and why have they chosen Germany as their county of destination? What are their characteristics in terms of education, vocational training and other abilities? What are their attitudes, values and expectations regarding a living in Germany? What are their preconditions for their integration into the labour market, the educational system and other areas of the society? What are the hurdles and limitations for integration?
This study provides first insights on these questions. On behalf of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), the Research Centre on Migration, Integration and Asylum of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF-FZ) and the Socioeconomic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), TNS Infratest Sozialforschung and QMR - Qualitative Mind Research have interviewed 123 refugees and 26 experts qualitatively to address these questions. As main reasons to leave their home country the respondents, except for those from the Balkan countries, name personal threats of war and persecution. Many made traumatic experiences on their escape. The educational biographies of the respondents highly vary depending on the situation in their home countries. The refugees associate values such as freedom, constitutionality, democracy and separation of church and state with Germany and most of them strongly support these values. Furthermore, many interviewed refugees describe the asylum procedures and the associated long waiting times for appointments and decisions as very incriminating. At the time of survey most respondents had hardly any idea about how to access the labor market. However, almost all of them showed high work motivation and willingness to integrate." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Further information


  • Brücker, Herbert
  • Kunert, Astrid
  • Mangold, Ulrike
  • Kalusche, Barbara
  • Siegert, Manuel
  • Schupp, Jürgen

Bibliographical information

Brücker, Herbert; Kunert, Astrid; Mangold, Ulrike; Kalusche, Barbara; Siegert, Manuel; Schupp, Jürgen (2016): Geflüchtete Menschen in Deutschland - eine qualitative Befragung. (IAB-Forschungsbericht, 09/2016), Nürnberg, 143 p.