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    The IAB has once again been awarded the certificate for the “berufundfamilie” audit

    19 June 2019

    Zertifikat Audit „berufundfamilie“ 2019The IAB offers a wide range of family-friendly measures to promote balancing family and career – e. g., flexible working hours and break times, various forms of part-time work during parental leave, or teleworking.

    In 2009, the IAB was certified as a family-friendly institution within the framework of the “berufundfamilie” audit. After successful completion of the dialogue procedure in October 2018, the long-standing commitment to personnel policy respecting family needs and different phases of life was re-certified.

    You can find more Information here.

     

     

     

     


    Digital Social Security: How does it work? An interview with Professor Enzo Weber

    13 June 2019

    Eine junge Frau arbeitet an einem LaptopProfessor Enzo Weber talks in this video interview about his concept of Digital Social Security. He describes the cornerstones of Digital Social Security, how a digital approach, an international concept and national social security can be combined, and what practical first steps need to be undertaken to put this approach into practice.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Protectionism and the argument for creating jobs at home

    23 May 2019

    Containerschiff im HafenIn the political debate, trade protectionism has been frequently associated with keeping and increasing the number of jobs at home. The argument is, however, not so simple, since international trade in products and services is organised within global value chains. Goods that are further processed and not used for final consumption play a key role in international commerce. Increasing trade barriers for those so-called “intermediates” can be particularly costly for an economy and lead to job losses in connected industries.

    The article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    The IAB-INCHER project of earned doctorates (IIPED): A supervised machine learning approach to identify doctorate recipients in the German integrated employment biography data.

    23 May 2019

    Only scarce information is available on doctorate recipients’ career outcomes in Germany. With the current information base, graduate students cannot make an informed decision whether to start a doctorate. Administrative labour market data could provide the necessary information, is however incomplete in this respect. In this paper, we describe the record linkage of two datasets to close this information gap: data on doctorate recipients collected in the catalogue of the German National Library (DNB), and the German labour market biographies (IEB) from the German Institute of Employment Research.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 13/2019


    GDP-Employment Decoupling and the Slow-down of Productivity Growth in Germany

    08 May 2019

    This paper investigates the time-varying relationship between German output and employment growth, in particular their decoupling in recent years. The authors estimate a correlated unobserved components model that allows for persistent and cyclical time variation in the employment-GDP linkage as well as an additional employment component beyond the one linked to GDP.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2019


    Why do women earn more than men in some regions? Explaining regional differences in the gender pay gap in Germany

    07 May 2019

    This paper provides first-time evidence on the magnitude and determinants of regional differences in the gender pay gap (GPG) in Germany. Using a comprehensive data set of all full-time employees, the authors conduct Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions for Germany and its regions to explain the regional variation of the GPG with theory-based individual, job-related and regional characteristics.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2019


    Labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. An interview with Regina Konle-Seidl

    30 April 2019

    Mature male supervisor talking with worker in metal industryRegina Konle-Seidl, researcher at the IAB in Nuremberg, compares in our video interview policies to facilitate labour market integration of migrants in Austria, Germany, and Sweden. She focusses on country strategies to adapt the asylum and integration system to the high numbers of new arrivals, gives special attention to the political discourse and the role of public opinion, and explains innovative approaches and gaps with respect to labour market integration of migrants.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Wages of migrant and native employees in Germany: new light on an old issue

    25 April 2019

    The German workforce is expected to decline in future and labour-oriented immigration should counteract labour shortages. Fair wages in Germany set incentives for foreigners to immigrate there. Therefore this paper aims to shed new light on the decomposition of the wage gap between foreign and native full-time employees.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2019


    Magnitude, structure and dynamics of chronic unemployment in Denmark, Finland and Germany

    24 April 2019

    Individual unemployment spells are frequently interrupted by short casual employment, by participation in active labour market policy (ALMP) measures or by periods outside the labour force. Such episodes end unemployment spells but afterwards the person gets often unemployed again, and the conventional statistics do not capture the actual length of the individual problem of being without a “real” job in the longer run. To better grasp this problem of repeated unemployment we analyse unemployment trajectories of individuals with weak links to the labor market in the longer run. For this purpose, we introduce the concept of “chronic unemployment” (CU). Our empirical analysis applies unique comparable and very detailed longitudinal register data to study the CU problem in Denmark, Finland and Germany. We find that chronically unemployed make up about one third of all unemployed in all three countries.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2019


    Electromobility 2035 Economic and labour market effects through the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars

    18 April 2019

    This study focuses on the economic effects of the phenomenon of the electrification of powertrains in passenger cars (e-mobility). The automotive industry is one of the leading sectors in Germany and the country is one of the world’s leading car producers. Therefore the economic impact could be extensive. Using the scenario technique, a number of assumptions have been made and integrated into the QINFORGE analytical tool.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2019


    Does facilitated access to the health system improve asylum-seekers’ health outcomes? Evidence from a quasi-Experiment

    16 April 2019

    As long as their asylum application is not approved or their duration of stay does not exceed 15 months, asylum-seekers who require doctor visit have to claim it either by the local authority for foreigners or the responsible social assistance office in Germany. Since 2016 several Federal states and municipalities in Germany have launched the procedure to hand out electronic health cards (eHC) which allow immediate direct access to the health system for asylum-seekers. In this paper, we examine whether being eligible to the eHC as a result of the policy change has had an effect on the health outcomes of asylum-seekers in Germany.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 7/2019


    „We need legal migration to stabilise the Italian social security system“. An interview with Professor Tito Boeri

    12 April 2019

    Tito BoeriWith his pro-migration media statements, the Italian economics Professor Tito Boeri expresses his open dissent with the Italian government. He argues that Italy needs migration in order to secure the prosperity of the Italian society, the social standards, and the pension system. Tito Boeri was President of the Italian National Social Security Institute from March 2015 to February 2019 and is now professor at Bocconi University, Milan. In his interview with the IAB-Forum, Boeri explains the current situation and the future of the Italian social security system.

    The full interview can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Benefit underreporting in survey data and its consequences for measuring non-take-up: new evidence from linked administrative and survey data

    02 April 2019

    The international literature studies non-take-up behavior of eligible populations to evaluate the effectiveness of government programs. A major challenge in this literature is the measurement error regarding benefit take-up. Measurement error is typically addressed by structural assumptions in the modeling framework. In our data, we observe both actual welfare receipt and respondents’ survey information on their take-up. This allows us to observe the measurement errors that other researchers must estimate. We describe survey misreporting and investigate how it biases the estimates of the magnitude and patterns of benefit take-up among eligible households. Our findings suggest that the extent of measurement error can be substantial. It varies with the characteristics of the misreporting population and is associated with the drivers of underreporting. This indicates that survey-based analyses of take-up behavior are likely subject to severe biases.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2019


    “The labour market integration of refugees is working out much better than we expected.” An interview with Herbert Brücker and Yuliya Kosyakova

    25 March 2019

    Yuliya Kosyakova und Herbert Brücker im GesprächIn order to learn more about the situation of refugees in Germany, and how it develops, a representative longitudinal survey has been launched in 2016: the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees. The study partners include the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), the Research Center of the Federal Office of Migrants and Refugees (BAMF-FZ) and the Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin). The results of the second survey wave from 2017 have now been published in a current IAB-Kurzbericht (short report). Herbert Brücker and Yuliya Kosyakova, senior researchers at the IAB, who co-authored the Kurzbericht are themselves surprised by some of the results, as they reveal in an interview with the IAB Forum editing team.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Age Diversity and Innovation: Do mixed teams of old and experienced and young and restless employees foster companies innovativeness?

    04 March 2019

    In Germany, the labour force is ageing rapidly. At the same time, age heterogeneity within companies is rising. The literature on diversity argues that heterogeneity can have a positive as well as a detrimental effect on team outputs. Our paper sheds light on the impact of age diversity on the likelihood of a company to create product or process innovations. Based on our analysis of the Linked Employer-Employee-Data from the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) over the 2009-2013 period, we focus on different indicators of age diversity within a company’s workforce (variety, separation and disparity).

    IAB-Discussion Paper 4/2019


    Hartz IV and the Decline of German Unemployment: A Macroeconomic Evaluation

    21 February 2019

    This paper proposes a new approach to evaluate the macroeconomic effects of the Hartz IV reform in Germany, which reduced the generosity of long-term unemployment benefits. We use a model with different unemployment durations, where the reform initiates both  a partial effect and an equilibrium effect. The relative importance of these two effects  and the size of the partial effect are estimated based on the IAB Job Vacancy Survey.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 3/2019


    Second wave of the IAB-BAMF-SOEP survey: Language skills and employment rate of refugees improving with time

    19 February 2019

    Refugees attending classesAsylum seekers migrating to Germany remains a hotly debated topic. The second wave of a longitudinal survey of refugees shows that their integration has progressed significantly, even though some refugees came to Germany in poor health with little formal education. Compared to the previous year ,refugees’ German skills have improved, as have their participation rates in the workforce, education, and training.

    IAB Brief Report (IAB-Kurzbericht) 3/2019


    Evaluation of the IAB: Labour Minister Heil sends his congratulations for excellent rating by the German Council of Science and Humanities

    12 February 2019

    Portrait Federal Labour Minister Hubertus Heil, © Foto: Susie KnollFederal Labour Minister Hubertus Heil congratulated the institute on its excellent rating by the German Council of Science and Humanities (Wissenschaftsrat), which recently conducted a comprehensive evaluation of the IAB and its work. The IAB, he said, was an indispensable labour market policy counselling institution for the Federal Employment Agency and the Federal Government. The minister’s statement in its entirety can be found below: 

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    Manager for download: Expectations versus reality

    11 February 2019
    Mann zeigt auf Kästchen mit Haken

    Digitisation will leave a strong mark on the working world of today, including leadership styles, structures, and cultures. Still, however, many companies and job-seeking managers stick to the old ways of thinking. But what kind of leadership does digitisation require in the first place? And how can companies prepare for the imminent changes?

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Another “Excellent” rating for the IAB

    06 February 2019

    The German Council of Science and Humanities, the most important advisory body for science policy of the German Federal Government, gives the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) yet another glowing reference. The Council’s evaluation of the IAB was published last week and stated that the overall quality of the research conducted by the IAB was excellent.

    Press release


    Early child care and maternal employment: empirical evidence from Germany

    14 January 2019

    This paper examines the effect of an expansion of subsidized early child care on maternal labor market outcomes. It contributes to the literature by analyzing, apart from the employment rate and agreed working hours, preferred working hours. Using the legal claim for subsidized child care introduced in Germany in August 2013 for children aged one to three years, I apply a semi-parametric difference-in-differences estimator to examine maternal labor market outcomes.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 2/2019


    The rise of online labour markets: freelancing and gig working via internet platforms

    20 December 2018

    Hands on a notebook and a graphicGUEST CONTRIBUTION Gig work apps’ food delivery drivers have become a familiar sight in many European cities. However, there is also a completely digital version of platform-mediated non-standard work. In online gig work, self-employed workers complete projects remotely for clients obtained through online labour platforms. Surveys suggest that similar proportions of European workers engage in online gig work and local gig work, yet the two differ significantly. The online gig economy is transnational and spans a full spectrum of skills, from data entry to software development. It offers an interesting view to the future of skills, social protection, and industrial relations in Europe.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    The Effect of Compulsory Service on Life Satisfaction and its Channels

    18 December 2018
    Compulsory military service is still a prominent feature of young people’s careers in many countries. We use the abolition of compulsory military and civil service for males in 2011 in Germany as a natural experiment to identify effects of institutionalized career disruptions on life satisfaction. Drawing on data from the SOEP, we apply a difference-in-differences design (comparing young males and females) to assess the causal effect of this reform on individual life satisfaction. Our results show a significant and robust positive effect of the abolition of compulsory service on young males’ life satisfaction. Furthermore, we provide empirical evidence that reductions in career disruptions, forgone earnings, uncertainty regarding the future, and forced labor contribute to this effect.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2018

    Departing from the beaten track – trends of working in the digital transformation

    20 November 2018

    Young people holding smartphones and notebooks in their handsOur economy and society are facing major challenges in times of digital transformation, demographic change and increasing globalisation – developments which are increasingly gaining momentum. Everything is becoming more volatile, many things are changing at an incredible pace – this holds many opportunities but also risks. This will also significantly change the way we live and work in years to come. For this reason, it is essential for all of us to deal with developments in this area. Frequently, we ourselves are the drivers of this development – whether as consumers, employees or entrepreneurs.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Full and Constrained Pareto Optimality with Incomplete Financial Markets

    12 November 2018

    We study the efficiency properties of equilibria in a neighborhood of economies with Pareto
    optimal (PO) initial endowments, when the number of agents is finitely large. We provide
    conditions under which, for all the economies in some open neighborhood of the PO reference
    economy, all the equilibria are constrained PO (CPO). We also provide conditions
    under which each open neighborhood of these exceptional PO economies contains both
    open sets of economies with CPO equilibria and open sets of economies where CPO fails.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 22/2018


    Labour market integration of refugees gains momentum

    17 October 2018

    Multiethnic architects are discussing blueprintsA good 70 percent of refugees in Germany come from eight non-European asylum seekers’ countries of origin. Their integration into the German labour market has increasingly gained momentum in recent years. Hence, the employment rate of people from these countries who have moved to Germany since the end of 2014 increased by almost 9 percentage points in the first six months of 2017 and by a good 12 percentage points to 28 percent in the first six months of 2018.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Employment effects of language training for unemployed immigrants

    10 October 2018


    Proficiency in the host country’s language is an important factor for a successful labor market integration of immigrants. In this study we analyze the effects of a language training program for professional purposes on the employment opportunities of the participants. We apply an instrumental variable approach and exploit differences in the local training intensities to deal with the problem of unobserved language skills in the data. Our results show that not taking into account endogeneity of language training leads to an underestimation of the effects. Bivariate probit estimates show that language training increases the employment probability of individuals with migration background who participated in 2014 by approximately seven percentage points two years after program start.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 21/2018


    Best Poster Award 2018 by the European Association of Labour Economists (EALE)

    19 September 2018

    Ulrich Zierahn, Terry Gregory, Florian Lehmer und Sabrina Genz (from left to right);  © private photoAt the 2018 conference of the European Association of Labour Economists (EALE), the Best Poster Award was presented to the team consisting of researchers from the Centre for European Economic Research (Melanie Arntz, Terry Gregory and Ulrich Zierahn) and the Institute for Employment Research (Sabrina Genz, Markus Janser, Florian Lehmer and Britta Matthes) for their research on the effects of the digital transformation on employment in Germany.

    Poster


    Setting out for Digital Social Security

    13 September 2018

    Setting out for Digital Social Security Platform work is increasing worldwide, leaving a serious lack of social protection. In spite of the international and flexible character of platform work, extending social security is feasible – if one is ready to explore new avenues. This article is on setting out for Digital Social Security.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Patterns of Overeducation in Europe: The Role of Field of Study

    12 September 2018

    This study investigates the incidence of overeducation among graduate workers in 21 EU countries and its underlying factors based on the European Labor Force Sur-vey 2016 (EU-LFS). Although controlling for a wide range of covariates, the particular interest lies in the role of fields of study for vertical educational mismatch. The study reveals country and gender differences in the impact of these factors.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 20/2018


    Women still hit the glass ceiling – despite operational promotion of equal opportunities

    29 August 2018

    ChencengleichheitThere is a large wage gap between women and men. The search for explanations and solutions must start exactly where wages are decided: in the enterprises. In Germany, operational measures to promote equal opportunities of women and men and formalised Human Resources processes shall help reduce this gap and ensure fair wages. Can this work?

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    The German labour market after the introduction of the statutory minimum wage

    06 August 2018

    Buntstift liegt auf der Tastatur eines TaschenrechnersOn the 1st January 2015, a nationwide statutory minimum wage of €8.50 was introduced in Germany. On 1st January 2017 it was then increased to €8.84. Prior to and during its introduction the economic policy debate focused mainly on the development of wages and the minimum wage’s possible effect on the level of employment.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum



    Hiring by start-ups and regional labor supply

    30 July 2018
    Young firms find it difficult to attract (skilled) workers. Using linked employer-employee data for Germany we investigate how local labor market conditions affect the hiring success of young firms. In a first step, we estimate the probability of the founder becoming an employer. In a second step we analyze how local conditions influence the probability of hiring skilled human capital. The results indicate a positive relationship between the local unemployment level and the hiring probability of young firms.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 18/2018

    Links Lecture Award 2018 goes to Prof. Frauke Kreuter

    20 July 2018

    Prof. Dr. Frauke KreuterProf. Frauke Kreuter was honoured with the „Links Lecture Award 2018“ of the American Statistical Association (ASA) for adding important links in the progress of official statistics through leadership in education and training and distinguished contributions to the literature on social and economic measurement. Kreuter is head of the IAB Statistical Methods group and Professor at the University of Mannheim. She also holds a Professorship in the Joint Program in Survey Methodology at the University of Maryland. Kreuter presents her Links Lecture in Washington DC on November 5th, 2018.

    More Information


    Good scientific policy advice: the IAB's five principles

    20 July 2018

    Ein Mann und eine Frau unterhalten sich. Sie befinden sich in einem Bürogebäude.Policy advice is an integral part of policy-making in contemporary democracies and a central task of the IAB. But what makes “good” policy advice? Even if the quality of individual advisory services cannot be measured, quality criteria can be identified and quality assurance methods can be outlined.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    European youth unemployment in the aftermath of the Great Recession

    02 July 2018

    Five young men and women with documents in their hands are sitting in a row while waitingAs a consequence of the Great Recession, starting in most European countries in 2009, the number of unemployed young people increased significantly. Using 2008 as the reference point, where most European countries were performing quite well economically, the total number of unemployed young people aged 15 to 24 years was 4.2 million according to Eurostat. In the recession years European youth unemployment rose to 5.6 million in 2012 and declined thereafter to 3.8 million in 2017.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Economic integration of migrants in Germany

    29 June 2018

    The dissertation evaluates economic integration of migrants in Germany from various perspectives. First, Hanna Brenzel shows that differences in job mobility influence wage trajectories of migrants and natives which, in turn, contribute to wage differentials. Next, she documents the fact that the immigrant-native wage gap is influenced by different personality traits. Last, her work demonstrates that there are differences between single and family migrants concerning their respective labor market integration processes.

    IAB-Bibliothek 369


    Do startups provide employment opportunities for disadvantaged workers?

    25 June 2018
    This paper analyzes whether startups offer job opportunities to workers potentially facing labor market problems. It compares the hiring patterns of startups and incumbents in the period 2003 to 2014 using administrative linked employer-employee data for Germany that allow to take the complete employment biographies of newly hired workers into account. The results indicate that young plants are more likely than incumbents to hire older and foreign applicants as well as workers who have instable employment biographies, come from unemployment or outside the labor force, or were affected by a plant closure. However, an analysis of entry wages reveals that disadvantageous worker characteristics come along with higher wage penalties in startups than in incumbents. Therefore, even if startups provide employment opportunities for certain groups of disadvantaged workers, the quality of these jobs in terms of initial remuneration seems to be low.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 17/2018

    Codetermination losing ground

    14 June 2018

    BetriebsversammlungLike collective bargaining coverage, codetermination is becoming less and less significant in German companies. Only a minority of employees, especially in East Germany, work in companies with a works council.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    R Package hmi: A Convenient Tool for Hierarchical Multiple Imputation and Beyond

    05 June 2018

    Applications of multiple imputation have long outgrown the traditional context of dealing with item nonresponse in cross-sectional data sets. Nowadays multiple imputation is also applied to impute missing values in hierarchical data sets, address confidentiality concerns, combine data from different sources, or correct measurement errors in surveys. However, software developments did not keep up with these recent extensions. Most imputation software can only deal with item nonresponse in cross-sectional settings and extensions for hierarchical data – if available at all – are typically limited in scope. Furthermore, to our knowledge no software is currently available for dealing with measurement error using multiple imputation approaches.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 16/2018


    Binding Collective Agreements: The Downward Trend Continues

    04 June 2018

    Close-up view of hands counting money with calculatorWages and working conditions are negotiated between employers and employees. Collective agreements provide both parties with an institutional framework to that end. But in the last few years, companies have seen a downward trend in binding collective agreements, and thus also in the importance of such agreements for the employees. In East Germany in particular, companies prefer to act outside of collective agreements, as evidenced by the latest data from the IAB Establishment Panel.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Heterogeneous effects of investmentgrants – Evidence from a new measurement Approach

    22 May 2018

    This paper estimates establishment-level employment effects of investmentgrants in one oft the German Federal States receiving the most support. We analyze general treatment effects, as well as the infuence of heterogeneity in the characteristics and economic environment of the establishment on its employment development. Modifying the standard matching and difference-in-differences approach, we develop a new procedure that is particularly useful for evaluating funding programs within dividual treatment phases within the period of observation. Our data basis combines treatment-related, establishment-specifc and regional Information from different sources.The results suggest that Investment grants have a positive influence on the development of employment in establishment in both absolute and standardized fgures (i. e. in relation to the amount of subsidy received) – with considerable effect heterogeneity.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 15/2018


    The greening of jobs in Germany - First evidence from a text mining based index and employment register data

    17 May 2018

    The transition towards a greener, less carbon-intensive economy leads to a growing demand for green products, services and business processes. In theory, this trend should lead to a greening of jobs, i.e. to an increasing share of environmentally friendly requirements within occupations (greening of occupations) and to a rising labor demand for employees in these occupations (greening of employment). Due to a lack of measures, there is no empirical evidence on the relationship between the greening of jobs and the real labor market development so far. To fill this gap, the paper measures, describes and analyzes the greening of jobs and its associations with employment and wage growth.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 14/2018


    Forms of employment in European comparison

    09 May 2018

    Compass arrow points to the word JOBGermany does not stand alone in having experienced changes in the landscape of work. However, these changes differ in comparison to other countries – both in relation to the relative importance of different forms of employment, and in terms of their development over time.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Migrant women labor-force participation in Germany Human capital, segmented labor market, and gender perspectives

    24 April 2018

    This paper analyzes individual, structural, and cultural factors that influence the labor-force participation of migrant women in Germany. Considering the well-established evidence that immigrant women work less than natives, with statuses and earnings differing significantly between them, The author investigates the economic activity of the former by examining the cross-sectional data from the IAB-SOEP Migration Sample 2013 with multiple linear regression techniques.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 12/2018


    Urbanization, Commuting and Regional Labor Markets

    10 April 2018

    Due to its regional structure, with numerous centers of intensive economic activity, Germany lends itself particularly to analyses of spatial mechanisms of cities and interrelationships between regions. As a result of the increase in urban population, commuting serves as a spatial dispersion mechanism and leads to interactions between regional labor markets. The author studies how local labor markets interact, how densely populated markets facilitate the search for a new job and how employees react to changes in their commuting distance.

    IAB-Bibliothek 368


    Labour market advice and job placement of refugees: Labour market integration is still a long way off

    10 April 2018

    BA-IntegrationsmesseA few refugees get a job soon after they arrived in Germany. However, for most of them labour market integration is still a long way off. Bevor getting a job, many refugees have to learn German and engage in retraining or vocational education and training. As far as labour market integration of refugees is concerned, job counsellors in the public employment service play an essential role. In an extensive research project the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) has analysed the process of labour market advice and job placement of refugees.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum.


    Bogus self-employment in Germany. Also a question of definition

    03 April 2018

    Six folders, four labeled with the word employed, one labeled with self-employed and one lebels with a ?Based on a large-scale empirical study with 30,000 participants, the IAB explored the dissemination of bogus self-employment in Germany. In particular, the study analyses which labour market groups are over average affected by bogus self-employment as an illegal form of employment. The study employs alternative legal definitions of employment to test the sensitivity of the results.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    FDI and Unemployment, a Growth Perspective

    29 March 2018

    North-South foreign direct investment (FDI) is frequently viewed as a process in which
    jobs relocate from the North to the South. I build a growth model with two asymmetric
    trading economies, the North where firms innovate and the South where Northern firms
    invest to take advantage of lower wages.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 11/2018


    Digitalisation, hiring and personnel policy: evidence from a representative business survey

    27 March 2018

    In this paper we examine how employment and hiring processes develop in the course of digitalisation in German establishments. To this end we use a large representative business survey – the IAB Job Vacancy Survey – that was extended in 2015 to include special questions about the state of digital development in each establishment surveyed, thereby permitting a direct link between the topics of digitalisation and employment/hiring.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 10/2018


    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!

    23 March 2018

    Low Wage Growth in Germany? – Don’t Blame the Migrants!The German labour market follows a fascinating employment trend since the year 2005. In contrast, wage growth remained weak until 2010 and although wage dynamics have picked up by now, they remain clearly subdued when compared to the vibrant development of employment and vacancies. Various explanations such as weak productivity development and the rise of service jobs are given for this phenomenon. In the same context, one often finds the strong migration to Germany. The argument is a classical one: migrants increase labour supply which leads to higher wage competition. We argue that such a mechanism is unlikely to have played a relevant role for German wages in the recent years.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    For better or worse? How more flexibility in working time arrangements and fatherhood affect men’s working hours in Germany

    22 March 2018

    Many fathers want to spend more time with their children and engage in household, but most of them continue to work full-time after the birth of a child. To better combine work and family, flexible working time arrangements might play a crucial role for fathers. Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and fixed-effects regression models, we investigate the impact of flexible working time arrangements on actual working hours of men and fathers.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 9/2018


    Colloquium: The effect of recent labour market oriented immigration from EU member states on wage dynamics in Germany

    19 March 2018

    In our discussion series „Labour market and occupational research“ Dr. Matthias Hertweck from the Deutsche Bundesbank (German Federal Bank) investigates the wage impact of recent fairly strong labour market oriented net immigration flows from EU member states to Germany. The analysis is based on a modified approach to estimating wage growth in Germany taken in the Bundesbank macroeconometric model. The results indicate that recent net immigration from EU member states to Germany reduced annualised wage growth by almost 1 percentage point on average over the past two years. Even when taking into account the wage effect of net immigration, tight labour market conditions contributed strongly to upward wage pressure in recent years. At the same time, wage growth contributions of low inflation rates and relatively weak productivity growth were below average.

    The discussion series "Labour Market and Occupational Research" is a forum where primarily external researchers present the results of their work and discuss these with experts from the IAB. The colloquium with Dr. Matthias Hertweck from the Deutsche Bundesbank takes place in conference room E10, Regensburger Street 100, 90478 Nürnberg on March 21st, 2018 at 2 pm.

    Abstract


    Do active labour market policies for welfare recipients in Germany raise their regional outflow into work?

    05 March 2018

    While many studies estimated the effects of active labour market programmes (ALMPs) on the participants’ labour market outcomes, much fewer studies are con-cerned with effects of these policies on the regional matching-process between job seekers and vacancies. An essential part of many reforms of the unemployment benefit system such as in Germany intended to activate unemployed job-seekers through an intense use of ALMPs. Therefore, it is crucial to understand whether such policies can improve the matching efficiency. We analyse quarterly panel data of German job centres in the period 2006 to 2011 and estimate the effects of the most important ALMPs on the regional exit rate from job-seeking into regular employment in a matching-function framework by applying the system generalized methods of moments estimator.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 8/2018


    Cohort size and labour-market outcomes

    28 February 2018

    How does the size of young age cohorts affect the labour-market outcomes of these groups? Employing different microeconometric methods in an empirical analysis at the regional level, Duncan Roth addresses this question in the four essays contained in this book. The analysis deals with the effects on wages, employment and unemployment as well as the duration of search for employment following labour-market entry.

    IAB-Bibliothek 367


    Long-term unemployment: a European comparison

    23 February 2018

    Long-term unemployment: a European comparisonFor many years, Germany was notable for its high levels of long-term unemployment compared to other countries. However, in contrast to the European trend, the number of long-term unemployed has decreased significantly since the mid-2000s. In most other European countries the number of long-term unemployed rose to a greater or lesser degree as a result of the financial and Euro debt crisis.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    German FDI in the Czech Republic – Employment effects in the home country

    22 February 2018

    Do investments in the Czech Republic lead to employment growth or employment losses in the German firms involved? To address this question, a unique database about German firms with foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Czech Republic and firms without FDI in any country has been established within the IAB-ReLOC project. By developing a new method for linking firm-level data with establishment-level data of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB), this database is now linked with the IAB employment data. As the exact dates of the investments in the Czech Republic are known, the employment development of firms with Czech affiliates and firms without FDI is compared for the same time periods.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 6/2018


    The Timing of Structural Labor Market Reforms Matters

    09 February 2018

    The Timing of Structural Labor Market Reforms Matters Ever since the economic and financial crises of the late 2000s – also known as the Great Recession –, demands for structural reforms to ease market regulations have been omnipresent in Europe. A particular emphasis has been placed on labor market regulations – involving heated political debates. A recent IAB study shows that the effects of labor market reforms heavily depend on the timing of the reform.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    Graduate migration in Germany – new evidence from an event history analysis

    05 February 2018
    This study use administrative social security records and event history methods to investigate graduate migration in Germany. The results indicate that most migration events happen up to seven years after graduation. Work experience gathered before and during the studies influences the migration decision, pointing to the importance of labour market contacts and social networks. In contrast to previous studies we do not detect a genuine negative duration dependence for the probability of leaving the region of study. When labour market entry outside the university region is considered there is some indication for cumulative stress.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 3/2018

    The flow of migrants to Germany and their integration into the labour market

    26 January 2018

    MigrationSince 2015, questions around migration and the integration of migrant men and women into the labour market, the education system and all other areas of society have moved into the centre of public and political discourse. A key focus of interest is the high level of refugee migration in 2015, which represented a historical peak, unmatched since the founding of the Federal Republic of Germany.

    The full article can be found in our Magazine IAB-Forum


    Labor Markets and Labor Mobility in the French-German Border Region

    22 January 2018
    This paper examines the cross-border labor market in the French-German Upper Rhine Region. Based on shortage analyses conducted for both sides of the border, a fixed effects panel regression estimates the impact of changing labor market situa-tions on the number of French frontier workers. Although some of the anticipated effects are detected, their size is rather modest and insufficient to balance regional disparities in a way that would be expected in a fully integrated cross-border labor market. By the same token, the quantitative analysis identifies standardized certifi-cates as a barrier to cross-border mobility and confirms a preference of frontier workers for routine tasks. In addition, insufficient public transportation and language skills, missing information about the neighboring country as well as problems with the recognition of degrees are also found among the obstacles to an integrated labor market.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 2/2018

    The Organizational Design of High-Tech Startups and Product Innovation

    04 January 2018

    In this study they investigate whether appointing a middle management level affects startups’ innovation performance. Additional hierarchical levels are often suspected to restrict innovative activities. However, founders’ capacities for information processing and resource allocation are usually strongly limited while, at the same time, R&D decisions are among the most consequential choices of startups. They argue that middle management is positively related to introducing product innovations because it improves the success rates from recombining existing knowledge as well as managing R&D personnel. In addition, we suggest that the effectiveness of these mechanisms depends on the riskiness of a startup’s business opportunity. Based on a sample of German high-tech startups, they find support for our conjectures.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 1/2018


    Longer maternity leave – healthier mothers?

    21 December 2017

    Leave policies allowing parents to take time off work after childbirth are considered an important measure to buffer the stresses associated with childrearing and gainful employment. Despite reducing this double burden, longer leave periods do not necessarily support the return of healthier mothers into the labor market.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Job Matching on Connected Regional and Occupational Labor Markets

    19 December 2017

    Job mobility equilibrates disparities on local labor markets and influences the efficiency of the job matching process. In this paper, they describe a job matching model that allows for simultaneous regional and occupational mobility, predicting corresponding spillover effects on the number of matches. They estimate these spillover effects based on novel administrative German data on the number of matches, unemployed, and vacancies of local labor markets, which they define as distinct occupations in distinct regions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 35/2017


    Learning from Mouse Movements: Improving Questionnaire and Respondents’ User Experience through Passive Data Collection

    13 December 2017

    This study aims to develop automated procedures for detecting and quantifying difficulty indicators in web surveys. It will use, and build on, indicators that have been identified by prior research. In addition, the current study relies on recent meth-odological advances in psychology that propose mouse-tracking measures for as-sessing the tentative commitments to, and conflict between, response alternatives.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 34/2017 


    The German Employment Performance in an International Context

    04 December 2017

    Beitragsbild German Employment Performance in an International ContextIf you want to use a single indicator to understand how the German labour market compares internationally, then the employment rate is a fitting measure to use. It gives the proportion of the working population relative to the total working-age population (aged 15 to 64), thus showing to what degree working-age people are in active employment in the respective country.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Formal Search and Referrals from a Firm’s Perspective

    04 December 2017

    This study explores the relationship between frms’ characteristics and their recruitment strategies. They propose a model based on a search and matching framework with two search channels: a formal channel which is costly for frms and a costless informal channel, i.e. referrals. There is a continuum of heterogeneous vacancies in our model where every firm with an open vacancy chooses an optimal search effort in order to attract job candidates. This search effort depends on the productivity of the firm and, contrary to the previous literature, workers send simultaneous applications to open vacancies. We assess the model predictions by using the IAB Job Vacancy Survey, a representative Survey among human resource managers in Germany reporting information about their most recent recruitment case.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 33/2017


    The Effects of Skill-Biased Technical Change on Productivity Flattening and Hours Worked

    20 November 2017

    In a structural macroeconometric analysis based on comprehensive micro data, the authors examine
    the role of skill-biased technical change for the flattening of productivity growth and
    effects on hours worked.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 32/2017


    Big Data – the beginning of a golden age for empirical labour market research? An interview with IAB researcher Frauke Kreuter

    17 November 2017

    Professor Frauke KreuterBig Data! This is the new magic word in labour market research. But what is this really about? What is the use of it? And what does it mean for data protection and the training and further training of our researchers? Prof. Frauke Kreuter, Head of the Statistical Methods Centre (Kompetenzzentrum Empirische Methoden – KEM) in the IAB, answers these questions in an interview for IAB-Forum.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    EU project analyses international labor migration from different perspectives

    09 November 2017

    Junge Leute mit GlobusThe European network “Global mobility of employees” offers IAB a unique opportunity to transnationally co-operate with partners from academia, industry, and administration and to jointly train early stage researchers.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum

     

     


    Walking between the worlds – labour market economist and former Secretary of State Pedro S. Martins

    19 October 2017

    Pedro S. MartinsPedro S. Martins is an expert spanning boundaries between science and politics: Martins, who is now doing research at Queen Mary University of London, was Secretary of State in the Ministry for Economics and Employment of his home country Portugal from 2011 until 2013.  At a time when unemployment, especially among the youth, achieved a record high across Southern Europe as a result of the economic and financial crisis. As a politician, he got a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to combat job crisis by implementing measures that he himself had always advocated as a researcher.  

    In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, he airs his assessments and experience.


    Quantifying the effect of labor market size on learning externalities

    13 October 2017

    We show for Germany that labor productivity as reflected in wage is, ceteris paribus, higher for workers who previously acquired work experience in rather urban labor markets with a large local workforce than in rather rural labor markets which are small in terms of regional employment. Our empirical analysis provides new evidence on the magnitude of these dynamic agglomeration gains by estimating the elasticity of wages with regard to the (cumulated) size of the local labor markets in which workers acquired experience.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 31/2017


    German Robots – The Impact of Industrial Robots on Workers

    02 October 2017

    The authors study the impact of rising robot exposure on the careers of individual manufacturing
    workers, and the equilibrium impact across industries and local labor markets in Germany.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 30/2017


    The creation and resolution of working hour discrepancies over the life course

    21 September 2017
    Studies on labor supply have increasingly taken account of not only the actual working hours, but also of working hour preferences as well as the discrepancy between them. However, longitudinal research on this topic remains scarce. This paper contributes to the analysis of working hour discrepancies by exploring how hours mismatch emerges and resolves with special consideration of the household context.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 29/2017

    The impact of the digital revolution on the labour market: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    14 September 2017

    Beitragsbild Video "digitale Revolution": Roboter und Mensch schütteln HändeIs the digital revolution a job-destroyer or a job-creator? How will it change traditional occupational images? In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller discusses these questions and argues for a “flexibility compromise” between the social partners as a strategy to organize the consequences of technological change on the labour market in a productive and socially acceptable manner.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Should the US introduce a dual vocational training system following the German example? Four questions to IAB researcher Simon Janssen

    13 September 2017

    In an article in the renowned Wall Street Journal of 8 September 2016 (“Germany offers a promising jobs model”), the American labour market economist Edward Lazear and the IAB researcher Simon Janssen recommend that the US introduce a dual vocational training system following the German example. The US economist Erik A. Hanushek clearly objected to this in another article in the Wall Street Journal (“German-Style Apprenticeships Simply Can’t Be Replicated”).

    You can find the full interview in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    The Fall of the Labour Income Share: the Role of Technological Change and Imperfect Labour Markets

    13 September 2017

    The non-constancy of factor shares is drawing the attention of many researchers. We document an average drop of the labour share of 8 percentage points for eight European countries and the US between 1980 and 2007. They investigate theoretically and empirically two mechanisms: the substitution between Information Communication Technology (ICT) and labour and the presence of hiring costs.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 28/2017


    Counteracting unemployment in crises: Non-linear effects of short-time work policy

    13 September 2017

    Short-time work is a labor market policy that subsidizes working time reductions among firms in financial difficulty in order to prevent layoffs and stabilize employment. Many OECD countries have used this policy in the Great Recession, for example. This paper shows that the effects of discretionary short-time work are strongly time dependent and non-linear over the business cycle.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 27/2017


    Active labour market policy in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    01 September 2017

    Beitragsbild Video: Active labour market policy in GermanyActive labour market policy plays an important role in Germany. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller discusses its underlying principles such as the idea of “demanding and supporting” (Fordern und Fördern). He emphasizes the fact that evaluation results tend to have a significant impact on the design of labour market policies.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum


    Examining the Link Between Health Measures, Management Practices and Establishment Performance

    23 August 2017

    In this paper they examine the relationship between establishment-level health measures, Anglo-Saxon management practices and labor productivity, as well as median wages. Based on the observation that management practices are positively associated with establishment outcomes, they test whether health measures have a distinct effect on their own, or if they are already comprised in management practices.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 26/2017


    The dual apprenticeship system in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    16 August 2017

    Ausbildung KFZ-LehrstätteYouth unemployment in Germany is very low by international standards. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller attributes this success to three factors: the favourable economic situation, the introduction of “youth employment advisory services” (Jugendberufsagenturen) supporting the transition from school to employment and, in particular, the well-established system of dual vocational training, which combines on-the-job training in the firms with part-time education in a vocational school.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Regional mobility of unemployed workers

    11 August 2017

    Modern labour markets are characterised by the high levels of flexibility they demand of workers and unemployed individuals in particular. Increasing the willingness of jobseekers for regional mobility is an integral part of this development and was at the heart of the far reaching Hartz reforms of the German labour market in the early 2000s. Within this context, this research assesses the role regional mobility plays in the job search of unemployed individuals.

    IAB-Bibliothek 365


    Ethnic diversity in start-ups and its impact on Innovation

    08 August 2017

    The study analyses the impact of different ethnic compositions of start-ups in Germany on the innovativeness of the new businesses. We are able to distinguish between the ethnicity of the founders and that of the early employees following new results that demonstrate the importance of including all new firms’ stakeholders for the firm’s success. We make use of a measure introduced by Ruef (2002) and Ruef et al. (2003) which not only takes into account the number of different ethnicities involved, but also includes the unusualness of the ethnic compositions.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 25/2017


    Creative and science oriented employees and firm innovation: A key for Smarter Cities?

    07 August 2017

    This paper examines the link between the endowment of creative and science based STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics – workers and the level of the firm and firm- and city-/regional-level innovation in Germany. It also looks into whether the presence of these two groups of workers has greater benefits for larger cities than smaller locations, thus justifying policies to attract these workers in order to make German cities ‘smarter’.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 24/2017


    Refugees and migration in Germany: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    03 August 2017

    Beitragsbild MigrationIn recent years, Germany has taken in a great number of people who abandoned their home countries fleeing from the war, political persecution and economic hardship. In 2015, the number of those who fled to Germany amounted to almost one million which is a historic record high. Integration of these people into the labour market poses a massive challenge for the country. In an interview to the IAB-Forum magazine, IAB Director Joachim Möller gives an overview of the results of a large-scale refugee survey, and discusses the prospects of integration of those who fled to Germany into the German labour market, as well as the impact on the labour market status of the native population.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Identifying Asymmetric Effects of Labor Market Reforms

    01 August 2017

    This paper investigates whether the effects of structural labor market reforms depend on the business cycle. Based on search and matching theory, the authors propose an unobserved components approach with Markov switching to distinguish the effects of structural reforms that increase the flexibility of the labor market in recession and expansion.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 23/2017


    Innovation and Location in German Knowledge Intensive Business Service firms

    26 July 2017

    Knowledge Intensive Business Services (KIBS) are widely perceived as being important drivers of technological progress and innovation. KIBS are generally understood as depending, driving and thriving on knowledge exchanges and therefore, geographical proximity to markets, customers and suppliers would be expected to be a critical factor in their performance. This paper investigates how the innovation performance and processes of KIBS firms are related to their distance from the nearest city and also to the size of the nearest city.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 22/2017


    The German minimum wage: an interview with IAB Director Joachim Möller

    20 July 2017

    5-Euro-Schein und MünzenAfter many years of debates, 2015 saw the introduction of a statutory minimum wage of € 8.50 per hour (€ 8.84 since 2017) in Germany. While opponents of the minimum wage predicted negative effects on employment, some advocates expected the number of wage earners depending on social basic benefits to decrease significantly due to the minimum wage. In an interview for the IAB-Forum, Joachim Möller, Director of IAB, explains to what extent these fears or hopes proved true.

    The full interview can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    Stability of Functional Labour Market Regions

    20 July 2017

    The number of commuters and the distances of home-to-work travel have increased in recent decades. Based on a previous study that proposed a new approach for delineating functional labour market regions, this paper focuses on the temporal stability of delineations of labour market regions in Germany. In a comparison of the best delineations among pooled groups of three years beginning in 1993, regions are classified as core regions, related regions or overlapping regions. The main finding is that regions surrounding important labour market centres form stable labour markets. Over time, most employees belong to the same labour market region or parts of it.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 21/2016


    Digitalising the economy: The future of employment and qualification in Germany

    17 July 2017

    Mann im RechenzentrumThe new complex and intelligent digitalisation poses a significant challenge to the economies and the labour markets. In this context, Enzo Weber discusses in his article on the IAB online magazine the future of employment and changes in qualification requirements as well as policies for vocational and further training, social security and the coordination of flexibility. Weber provides a view on the development in Germany as a large Continental economy.

    The full article can be found in our magazine IAB-Forum.


    European unemployment insurance: finding the golden mean

    12 July 2017

    EU-Flaggen vor Gebäude Enzo Weber publishes an article on the concept of a European unemployment insurance on the IAB online magazine.

    The idea is to insure all Euorpean workers for unemployment in a common system. This aims at macroeconomically stabilising all of Europe. However, that does not necessarily require the invention of a new insurance. The same effect could also be achieved by a European backup budget, financed by the member states.

    You can find the full article in our magazine IAB-Forum


    What harmonised and registered unemployment rates do not tell

    11 July 2017
    The most commonly used statistical sources for the analysis of unemployment are registered unemployment (RU) at the national level and internationally harmonised unemployment data provided by the European Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS) ac-cording to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) standard. The logic behind both unemployment statistics is to count people "without work" only when they are “actively looking” and “available for work”.
    This methodological study provides an in-depth analysis of the discrepancies between registered unemployment (RU) and internationally harmonised unemployment (LFS-U) in a comparative view. For ten selected EU-countries (Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the UK) they show in which countries the registers are more restrictive than the survey and vice versa.

    IAB-Forschungsbericht 6/2017

    Knowledge at first click – IAB-Forum goes online

    30 June 2017

    IAB-Forum onlineLabour markets have become more international, more interlinked.  Many employees now expect that their work will take them abroad, to new labour markets.  Likewise, labour markets like ours in Germany require migration to meet the skills needs we have at home.  At the IAB, we see this internationalisation not only in research but also on a practical level. Interest in our research from foreign policymakers and experts used to be the exception; now it’s the norm. 

    For this reason, we want to offer you a bespoke international section in our new online magazine IAB-Forum: where you can access the latest English-language research and analysis in a way which is tailored to the interests of our international partners. It offers, among others, relevant basic information about the main features and developments of the German labour market.

    You will also find an interesting video interview with IAB director Joachim Möller about the reasons for the German job miracle.


    What makes employees satisfied with their working time?

    22 June 2017

    Working time arrangements are key elements of working conditions and determine the possibilities for employees to balance work with their other life spheres. Therefore, this paper examines the level of working time satisfaction of employees and identifies the factors that may facilitate or impede satisfaction with working time using crosssectional data from the German BIBB/BAuA-Employment Survey.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 20/2017


    The effect of broadband internet on establishments’ employment growth: evidence from Germany

    14 June 2017

    This study investigates the effects of local broadband internet availability on establishment-level employment growth. The analysis uses data for Germany in the years 2005-2009, when broadband was introduced in rural regions of Western Germany and in large parts of Eastern Germany. Technical frictions in broadband rollout are exploited to obtain exogenous variation in local broadband availability.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 19/2017


    Where Did All the Unemployed Go?

    12 June 2017

    The number of unemployed workers in Germany decreased dramatically from its peak in February 2005 at over 5.2 million to 3.6 million by 2008. At the same time, employment increased by 1.2 million. Most theoretical and empirical analyses of this episode assume that a worker leaving unemployment moves into full employment. We ask where the unemployed actually went. Using and merging two large micro data sets, we account for the decrease of unemployment by computing inflows and outflows between unemployment and 16 other labour market states.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 18/2017


    Retention and Re-integration of older workers into the labour market: What works?

    17 May 2017

    Although the labour market situation of older workers has significantly improved over time, opportunities to work at older age still vary considerably across EU countries. To trace diverging developments and to assess what works best in retaining employment and bringing older unemployed back to work developments in five countries are analysed: Germany, France, the Netherlands, Norway and Austria.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 17/2017


    Does Participating in a Panel Survey Change Respondents’ Labor Market Behavior?

    03 May 2017

    Panel survey participation can bring about unintended changes in respondents’ behavior and/or reporting of behavior. Using administrative data linked to a large panel survey, we analyze changes in respondents’ labor market behavior. We estimate the causal effect of panel participation on the take-up of federal labor market programs using instrumental variables. Results show that panel survey participation leads to a decrease in respondents’ take-up of these measures. These results suggest that panel survey participation not only affects the reporting of behavior, as previous studies have demonstrated, but can also alter respondents’ actual behavior.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 15/2017


    The German Labor Market in the Great Recession: Shocks and Institutions

    27 April 2017

    This paper analyzes Germany’s unusual labor market experience during the Great Recession. We estimate a general equilibrium model with a detailed labor market block for postunification Germany. This allows us to disentangle the role of institutions (short-time work, government spending rules) and shocks (aggregate, labor market, and policy shocks) and to perform counterfactual exercises.

    IAB-Discussion Paper 14/2017



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