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Inhaltsbereich: Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung

Forecasting seasonal time series data

Abstract

"A flexible Bayesian periodic autoregressive model is used for the prediction of quarterly and monthly time series data. As the unknown autoregressive lag order, the occurrence of structural breaks and their respective break dates are common sources of uncertainty these are treated as random quantities within the Bayesian framework. Since no analytical expressions for the corresponding marginal posterior predictive distributions exist a Markov Chain Monte Carlo approach based on data augmentation is proposed. Its performance is demonstrated in Monte Carlo experiments. Instead of resorting to a model selection approach by choosing a particular candidate model for prediction, a forecasting approach based on Bayesian model averaging is used in order to account for model uncertainty and to improve forecasting accuracy. For model diagnosis a Bayesian sign test is introduced to compare the predictive accuracy of different forecasting models in terms of statistical significance. In an empirical application, using monthly unemployment rates of Germany, the performance of the model averaging prediction approach is compared to those of model selected Bayesian and classical (non)periodic time series models." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

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Bibliografische Daten

Vosseler, Alexander; Weber, Enzo (2018): Forecasting seasonal time series data * A Bayesian model averaging approach. In: Computational statistics, Vol. 33, No. 4, S. 1733-1765.
 

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